Corns and calluses are regions of thickened skin which develop to protect that spot from stress and irritation. They might develop when something such as footwear puts pressure against the foot repeatedly or causes too much pressure against part of the foot. It is called a callus commonly if the thickening of skin happens on the bottom of the foot. If thickening happens on the top of the foot or toe it is usually called a corn. However, there is a great deal of overlap between a corn and a callus. They're not transmittable but can become painful if they become too thick. In individuals with diabetes this might lead to more serious foot conditions, so that they must be given serious attention.
Corns generally happen where a toe rubs on inside of a shoe or there is a toe deformity. Excessive pressure on the balls of the feet, that is common in females who frequently use high heel shoes might result in calluses to build up under the balls of the feet. Those with certain deformities of the foot, such as hammer toes, claw toes, or hallux valgus are susceptible to corns and calluses. Corns and calluses most often have a rough dull looking appearance. They could be raised or rounded and without proper analysis, they could be difficult to distinguish from warts. Should you have a corn or callus which is causing pain and discomfort or interfering with your everyday living then its most likely a good idea to visit a podiatrist. This is certainly even more necessary if you have diabetes or poor circulation. The podiatrist is going to carry out a thorough examination of your feet along with your shoes and look at the way you walk to determine why you have the corns and callus. For moderate corns or calluses they might suggest switching your footwear and use padding in your footwear. If they are more substantial, then the podiatrist could reduce them with a surgical blade to carefully and skilfully shave away the thickened skin. Additional treatments are usually necessary if the corn or callus come back.